Rough Roads in Brazos County – Why and What to Do?

June 25, 2017

The following is an email exchange between myself and Mr. Munger, the Brazos County Engineer. The question is “What can be done to selectively improve the quality of a few roads in Brazos County for cyclists?”  Mr Munger asked that I collect feedback from the cycling community and present it to him and the Brazos County Metropolitan Planning Organizations (MPO)  – of which I sit as an unofficial community advisor.  There is a feedback form at the bottom of the email exchange.  Please DO NOT CONTACT MR MUNGER – he asked that I collect feedback and present it at one time.

For clarity I posted my question and then Mr. Munger’s answer and did a bit of formatting.

Hi Alan,

[snip] Bottom line here is an idea to deconflict some rural cycling/vehicle contention and show the county as being bike friendly (which helps companies like ViaSat build 85,000 sq ft technology centers in the County).

From a driver’s point of view, cyclists are an annoyance on the country roads especially if there are curves or hills. They tend to take up too much of the road and cause me to slow down

From a cyclist’s point of view the county roads are frequently in “poor” condition (given the size of a cyclists tires and pressures) or are “upgraded” with the rough coat which reduces cycling traction (as there is always gravel that is breaking loose) and is rough to ride on.  Coupled with a lack of shoulders – cyclists have to ride in the road and are often dodging debris and gravel patches only they can see.

I propose setting up a few designated cycling routes in the county.  

The thinking is that drivers now are put on notice that the designated/marked/striped roads are now likely to have cyclists – who have a safe place to ride.  The cyclists don’t have as rough a road, a designated area, and therefore understand they have to follow the rules.  Let the Sheriff/Constables patrol to encourage the cooperative behavior. The result is that cyclists prefer to ride where they are welcome, thus reducing cycling traffic on other roads.

To achieve this I believe that when roads are updated you do not put the gravel on the shoulder and stripe it. Add some signage and work with the local cycling groups (who have multiple social media sites) and the broadcast/print media to promote the new “feature”.

I do realize the cost of aggregate is small, but over many miles it may (?) pay for signage and maybe some of the paint…  Plus, I suspect there are grants.. like asking for some funds from some of the $13 million/year that our local transportation systems just won (i.e. the MPO).   

So the question would be where?  I propose two areas that are well known to local cyclists as potential prototypes for study.   One is the “Rotary Route” which is Old Reliance Road out to FM 2038 and down the “Weedon” complex of roads back to Hwy 30.  The other is the “Banker’s Route” which is Rock Prarie to Peach Creek under Hwy 6 on Hwy 159, on to Milican, on to “Allen Farm” and as far out to Hwy 105 as possible.  


Early 2017 Strava heat map for Brazos County

My supporting evidence of use is this is a heat map from Strava (a Facebook for cyclists and runners).  The more red a line is – the more traveled (i.e. hot).   The data is drawn from GPS phones, cycling computers and watches.  

I realize this is eventually an MPO/ATAP endeavor, but the most dangerous roads are the County’s and the gravel overlay is a contributing factor.  Thus I’m asking you to help me get the facts straight.  

Thank you


Don R. Gilman, PE, PMP

*** Mr Munger’s Reply ***

Mr. Gilman:
Thanks for your detailed emails. I believe that I understand your desires. I have heard many of those same desires from other county employees who are also avid cyclists. As much as “everyone wins” is a desired goal, perceived wins to achieve the limited routes you described for bicyclists are going to be incremental. That would be much easier to achieve if trucks could be banned from such a route, but state law does not provide counties much leverage in the ability to provide such a ban on a public road.

The linked bicyclist blog provides a pretty good understanding of the use of seal coats:

Personally, I would love to maintain 480 miles of hot mix surfaced roadways. In addition to being a smoother ride, it would be the easiest to maintain and operate. The State of North Carolina has a great secondary road system. The State maintains the secondary roads, not the counties. The State of North Carolina also has an income tax and a higher motor fuels tax than the State of Texas. There’s a difference in public policy which supports the superior road network when comparing the two states and contrasting the roadways.

Historically, Brazos County roadways have “evolved”. Our silty and clayey soils provide weak subgrades. Earlier in the 20th century, the subgrades were strengthened with river gravel and base courses of iron ore or limestone aggregate were added to strengthen the roadbed. The county was largely agricultural and in the latter part of the 20th century, there was a great deal of effort by the Commissioners Court to treat the surface of the roadway to control dust and provide a more reliable surface for the increasing population than gravel roads generally provide. The surfaced roadways were not engineering efforts, but the pavements held up fine to cars and pickups of farmers/ranchers.

With urbanization (100’s of dump trucks and concrete mixers for each new home), substantial construction efforts on A&M campus and the fracking revolution in oil exploration – we have seen the number of trucks increase greatly on our county road network. Deterioration to the “evolved” county roads quickly follows increased truck traffic (see photo below of roadway which has since been reconstructed).

Oil truck on Brazos County roads with patched shoulder

Today Brazos County maintains about 480 miles of roadway composed of:

  • Concrete – 1.47 miles (largely a jointed concrete roadway from Old SH 6 which the county now maintains in far south Brazos County)
  • Hot Mix – 79.35 miles (some of which now has seal coat surface as a pavement preservation tool)
  • Gravel Base (untreated surface) – 99.21 miles
  • Seal Coat (Surface Treatment) – 299.16 miles

The lowest cost roadways to maintain are generally the gravel roads. They are generally gravel because they have low traffic demands (daily counts less than 200 with many often less than that). We can blade and provide a smooth surface with one motorgrader operator periodically and base materials costing $25/ton. Many of our remaining gravel roads are roads which are in cotton fields (off FM 50), or roads which are submerged in floods as they are near the Brazos or Navasota River, or roads with very poor subgrades (along and south of OSR). Residents living along gravel roads (Forsthoff, Whiteswitch, Millican area, etc.) demand surfacing currently to minimize their ongoing issues with dust.

Seal Coat (or chip seal) roadways carry more traffic (daily counts between 200-1500) but most of our seal coat mileage are on roadways which are not “engineered” but they are a continuance of the evolution described earlier. We can generally maintain these roadways with a maintenance seal coat surface treatment every 5-6 years (costing approximately $2.00/Square Yard), periodic crack seal and pothole repair as needed with asphaltic materials costing $85/ton and requiring a full crew for traffic control, excavating damaged roadway materials, installing and compacting repair materials.

Hot Mix roadways are a dense, compacted surface which are much more resistant to frequent stopping and turning movements (at driveways or intersecting roadways). This department places hot mix as our budget allows on pavement roadbeds which have been engineered to carry 80,000 pound vehicle loads for many years. Hot Mix costs about $7.00/ Square Yard and due to our extreme climate (rainfall, strong UV) oxidation of the hot mix asphalt occurs and requires some sort of maintenance in 7-8 years (either seal coat or mill/overlay).

We don’t believe it is prudent to spend tax dollars on the more expensive surface if we don’t have confidence in the underlying sub-base and base to withstand dump trucks, oil field trucks which can literally utilize any county roadway in abundance at any time (oil exploration currently occurring along Weedon Loop, Bird Pond, Tonkaway that I am aware of with additional requests coming to this office increasingly). It would be akin to repainting a house that has structural problems.

When we do have confidence in the underlying pavement structure and we have the traffic demands as justification, then we work to place a hot mix surface (as we have done on portions of Merka, Shirley Road, Macey Road, Elmo Weedon, portions of Steep Hollow, Marino Road, Dilly Shaw Tap, IGN, Greens Prairie Trail, Rock Prairie West, Jones Road in the past 5 years).

Roads which we are currently working to improve to an engineered standard are Cherokee, Mesa Verde, remaining portion of Dilly Shaw Tap, Smetana and Walnut. Arrington Road, Straub/Stousland, Forsthoff Lane are in ROW acquisition to widen and improve.

Your suggestion for the bike network on the “hot” routes would require a policy change that this department could follow if directed accordingly by our elected body (the Commissioner’s Court). In my experience, state and federal funding for bicycle/pedestrian facilities (multi-modal, alternative transportation) can be justified in denser populated urban areas as a means to mitigate automobile congestion and improve air quality. With our student population in Bryan/College Station, it also fulfills an economic need for those students unable to afford a car for transportation. When the bicycle facility is located in a more rural area, that same justification does not hold water and the facility is seen more as a recreation facility and funding would be going toward something which may not necessarily be the basic type of need which local government tries to fulfill. Brazos County does not maintain any parkland either at this time.

I know there are 2 sides to every story. I understand your desire and I hope this correspondence better helps you to understand the limitations of this department in directly addressing your request. We believe that we would need to fully reconstruct the sub-grade, base in order to provide hot mix surface to accommodate the proposed bicycle network while also accommodating the heavier and more destructive truck network which shares some of the routes you described. This would pull resources from ongoing roadway planning/construction efforts to provide surfacing to currently unsurfaced roads or to reconstruct pavement structures which are at the end of their pavement life and require replacement.

Changing the discussion from roads to the equipment – I know that bicycles are expensive “instruments”, but what are your thoughts toward utilizing “gravel bikes” on our county roads such as: ? What is your experience in how “gravel” bikes compare to road bikes on the “typical” chip seal county road?

Best regards,


R. Alan Munger, PE
County Engineer

Brazos County Road & Bridge
2617 Highway 21 West
Bryan, TX 77803

Mr Munger has asked that I collect feedback and then forward to him and the Brazos County Metropolitan Planning Organizations (MPO)  which coordinates Bryan, College Station, TAMU, the County and TXDOT’s efforts in the area.  Please DO NOT contact him directly at this time.  

What do you think?

More on keeping warm during winter cycling

March 11, 2016

Toe warmers and thin wool socks.  I tried a variety of “winter wool” cycling socks and no joy.  I dropped $50 on neopreme – no joy (but you should have seen the sweat).  Toe warmers – perfect!


Now that it is Spring… things are easier… just need to stay hydrated during training as there are no rest stops.  At least during the MS 150 this April there are stops every 10-15 miles.

Training Update

January 13, 2016

I’ve committed to the MS 150 in 2016 and have a link below to my fund raising page.

I’m doing two rides a week. A 25 mi/15mph ride with AggieLand Cycling and another ride at least that long with my TAMU professor buddy. This last Sunday we did 37 miles at 14.5 mph. I was functional but tired after.

My big battle right now is keeping my toes from turning either blue (cold) or white (no circulation). I’ve tried Pearl Izumi toe covers, wool cycling socks, wool hiking socks, hiking liners and as of this morning – full blown neoprene shoe covers.

For 38 deg temps I wear leggings over my cycling shorts, a Merino wool base layer under a Gore jacket, a Gore head cover (under helmet), some Bontrager winter gloves w thinsulate. All of those body parts are FINE! But even with the Enduro covers – my feet froze.

Ok, maybe not quite as bad as usual but the toes were NOT happy. What is also interesting is that my socks were soaked top to bottom. For my first outing I put my leggings down to the shoe and put the covers over the shoes and thus over the leggings. My socks had no effective way to breathe. I’m going to try rolling up the leggings and unzipping the backs of the covers to see if keeping my foot dry will help. I doubt that will matter.

I’m thinking about electric socks next…..

Other updates include switching from my old Nike+ Sport watch to a Tom Tom MultiSport (returned) to a Garmin Forerunner 910XT .

The Tom Tom had all the right features but I had fits getting it setup w/o the awesome and prompt Tom Tom technical support. However, the handlebar retaining strap broke (just like the Amazon reviews said it would) and the cadence sensor shut down after but a few rides. Coupled with some problems with the backlight and problems transferring large data sets to my phone (via BlueTooth) and I received an RMA.

The Garmin is interesting. Yes, it is 3-4 yr old tech, but it is professional grade tech. The functionality is solid and I love the fact that the watch shows my heart rate after I suspend or stop a ride. The four customizatable screens are awesome! Ok, the annotations are a bit small for my eyes but I can memorize what I put where and get by w that. I’ll be adding the speed and cadence sensors to the bike shortly.

The website is pretty good and after a few minutes of prodding I did get the Strava connection to work.

Regarding my MS 150 link…. please consider a small donation!

Cycling with a Cause

December 11, 2015

BP MS 150 – Ride from Houston to Austin in 2 days. A challenge for anyone – especially a 53 yr old! Please support my ride by supporting the fight against MS!  Ride is April 16-17, 2016.  I will continue to post my progress on this blog.

Cycling – Update

December 10, 2015

I’m about to register for the MS 150 which means fund raising and lots of hours in the saddle.  Good thing I like cycling !

So far I’ve learned that a fitting is a must and so is proper clothing when you are out in 40 deg temps for 2-3 hours.  I’m trying out different foot wear in an attempt to keep my tootsies warm – so far “socks” from Gore coupled with toe covers and wool sock liners worked “ok” in 40 degrees. I have a better quality shoe “cover” that I’ll try with my winter grade Smart Wool socks soon.  My Brooks running tights work fine for cycling.  I also picked up a Gore jacket with removable sleeves.  it’s actually too warm in the upper 40’s – unless it is raining and in the 40’s… then it will get soaked after a while but you will stay warm.  I also love my Gore skull cap – goes over my head but under my helmet.  Absolutely works wet or dry.

I haven’t done anything interesting to the bike – just had adjustments made, replaced the stem, handlebars and seat.  That has eliminated all back, knee and neck pain.  Still working on the hands.

Endurance wise I can do 35 mi at 15mph which is a good starting point.

Cycling – Just getting warmed up

October 4, 2015

Last November I purchased a basic Specialized road bike from Aggieland Cyclingcycling and restarted my cycling hobby after a 18 yr break. While I still had my 1990 vintage Schwinn Criss Cross…. It was time to shed some weight and pick up my pace from 10mph.

Well, after some trials and tribulations I went to Bike Barn and paid for Joe Treanor to do a formal fitting. Yes, it cost some money, yes I replaced my seat and bars, YES IT MAKES A HUGE DIFFERENCE.

My ultimate goal is to complete a MS 150 – perhaps even the 2016 ride. I’m going slow and steady in my training as someone over 50 yrs old should.

Right now I’m up to 15 mph on a 32 mile ride but I’m not much good for part of the day after… Which is an improvement from the last time I did a 32 mile ride – I was wiped for a day and half. The difference is the fitting and new seat. My heart rate is down, my neck and “sitting parts” are sore but not like they used to be.

This weekend was magnificent weather so I did notice my toes getting a bit cold again. Last winter I experimented with wool liners and shoe covers. Those helped but didn’t quite do the trick. I now have SmartWool cycling socks which for the summer are magnificent (I also love their hiking socks). Some research led me to this blog entry:

Good stuff.

My next post will be some polite observations on the (lack of) social interactions on group rides.

Tin foil isn’t likely to help protect your credit card.

May 24, 2015

>>DISCLAIMER: the following is based on my reading/research and is not offered in any professional capacity. Readers should always do their own research and talk to their credit card companies. <<

The new cards (issued in the last year) with the visible “chip” on them are “Chip and Pin” or “Chip and Signature” cards. That visible chip is not an RFID chip, it is actually a form of computer that improves the security of your card. This is not readable from a distance. There were cards issues a few years ago that did have RFID chips that allowed you to wave a card at a scanner and conduct a purchase. Those cards that still offer that feature have (generally) had encryption added to the cards to make it harder to use any information picked up remotely .

By October of this year all retail merchants are supposed to upgrade their scanners to only accept the “Chip and Signature/Pin” technology. In Europe, you insert your card into a slot (vs swipe) and have to enter a secret 4 digit code (like you use with your ATM). However, the American credit card companies did some “market research” and concluded that we Americans would be upset if we had to do TWO new things to make credit card purchases. Examples of these terminals are in place at Walmart, Lowes, Target and Home Depot. Note that the Target and Home Depot were where many MILLIONS of us had our credit card information stolen because those firms were hacked. Walmart, love them or hate them, have actually turned their readers on so you have to insert a Chip card vs swipe it.

That last point is vital, until most retailers turn on their Chip readers, any card can be read by a pocket skimmer and duplicated. I have a Marriott Signature card, very fancy, carbon fiber, and has a Chip. Well, one of the local restaurants has a bad apple and the card got skimmed, duplicated and used at a convenience store and then at a gas station. Visa figured it out, texted me and we killed the card. Last year the card was compromised at Lowe’s.

Now, using a card ONLINE is another can of worms. There are several vulnerabilities between you and the actual credit card payment processing company. First, always make sure you see https:// in the address bar of your browser (and the little green lock) before using a credit card online (this site has that feature so go look right now on your address bar). The rest of the vulnerabilities are, as far as I can tell, out of your hands. The larger the vendor the better the odds that they have taken additional steps in compliance with a mandatory standard called PCI DSS 3.1 however…. not all of those protections will be in place for another year or so…..

So what else can you do? Personally, I’ve opted for several credit cards designated for different purposes. We use one card for online purchases, one for auto pay (some utilities are happy to bill my credit card), one for retail and one for travel, Some may say having four cards in play makes me four times as vulnerable but oddly enough the card that has been replaced the most often is the card I use for retail purposes!

Now if someone out there is more involved in the PCI world, they are welcome to (politely) correct any misstatements or provide additional fact based evidence.